Compared to the second generation of computers, the 3rd generation computer is a lot smaller and has faster performance. It also generates less heat, is more reliable, and requires less maintenance. There are also some changes in the technology of the computer, such as integrated circuits instead of transistors.
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3rd Generation of Computer Time period
During the third generation of computers (1965 to 1971), integrated circuits, also known as microchips, revolutionized computing. These microchips packed a large number of components onto a single silicon chip. These microchips contained multiple transistors, capacitors, resistors, and circuitry.
The microchip revolutionized computing by drastically increasing the speed and efficiency of computers. With the use of integrated circuits, computers became more compact and cheaper. The technology had an impact on the entire software industry.
Third generation computers also had less heat. This meant less power was needed for operation. Despite the technology’s many benefits, there were also some drawbacks. Some of the problems included low hardware failure rates and difficult maintenance.
The technology also improved the storage capacity of computers. Third generation computers could store many applications at one time. It also allowed for remote processing. This led to more accurate results.
Third generation computers were also much more affordable. Third generation computers also had less heat and were easier to produce. They also used integrated circuits instead of transistors. Third generation computers also used a high-level programming language, such as COBOL, BASIC, and PASCAL PL/1.
Fourth generation computers became more powerful and compact. This gave rise to the Personal Computer (PC) revolution. These computers used Very Large Scale Integrated circuits (VLSI). These VLSI circuits were able to handle 5000 transistors.
Integrated circuits instead of transistors
Integrated circuits replaced transistors in the third generation of computers. They were cheaper, more reliable, and smaller. They used less electricity and generated less heat. Third-generation computers were also faster and more effective. They used remote processing, time-sharing, and multiprogramming operating systems.
An integrated circuit is a circuit that contains several transistors, resistors, and capacitors. Integrated circuits enable high-level tasks, including memory access and computation. They are composed of several overlapping layers of material that are fabricated using photolithography, a process similar to the process of making a photograph.
Integrated circuits were first used in third-generation computers in the late 1960s. They were used in the PDP8 and IBM 360. The first integrated circuit chip was made from silicon and contained only a few transistors.
These chips were small, compared to the large vacuum tubes that had been used in the first and second generation of computers. They also had less space and less power consumption. In addition, they were portable.
Integrated circuits enabled third-generation computers to perform high-level tasks, such as memory access and computation. They also reduced the size of the computer and eliminated the need for many electrical components. In addition, they reduced the cost of producing and implementing a computer.
Reliability of the Third Generation Computers
Among the myriad computers on display in the expo hall, the IBM 360 or 370 was the pick of the bunch. It’s no wonder that it was deemed the most worthy by a small army of well-educated professionals. It was also the most reliable and durable, a feat which has not been matched in the history books. Its small size, low power consumption and easy maintenance made it the perfect computer for the office.
Its ability to perform many functions concurrently without a hitch facilitated the creation of a new breed of high performance personal computer. The IBM PC may not have been the first to hit the market, but it certainly was not the last. Its successors have a hard time matching its predecessor in terms of productivity, albeit at a cost. Its predecessor lasted a mere six years compared to its successor’s three decades. A new breed of computer systems is coming to market as fast as the fingernail, albeit a few years after the competition. Likewise, it may be a good time to upgrade to the next generation of PCs.
Compared to first and second generation computers, third generation computers have better performance, higher reliability, less power consumption, and smaller size. In addition, third generation computers also have less maintenance, lower electricity cost, and lower heat production. They also include time-sharing, remote processing, and high-level programming languages.
Third generation computers used integrated circuits instead of transistors to build a central processor. These integrated circuits are semiconductor materials that make computers smaller, cheaper, and reliable.
Third generation computers were very fast in processing digital information, and they were available to a wide audience. They were also very energy efficient, and had low hardware failure rates. They also had a large storage capacity. They used high-level programming languages such as COBOL, PASCAL PL/1, and ALGOL-68.
Third generation computers also had better input-output devices. They included a mouse, keyboard, trackpad, light scanner, and monitor. They also used a computer operating system called Microsoft Windows. They used a GUI and pointing devices, which makes it easier for users to learn and interact with the computer.
Third generation computers introduced time-sharing, remote processing, and multiprogramming operating systems. These systems enabled users to run multiple applications at once. They also used a magnetic storage device for data storage.
Require less maintenance
Unlike its predecessor, a third generation computer was less costly and smaller in size. It was based on microelectronics technology and was able to perform calculations in nanoseconds. It also required less maintenance, was portable and had a good storage capacity. Besides, it was also more accurate.
A third generation computer is a good candidate to be a contender in the office, albeit it does not take up a lot of space. A third generation computer was also less power hungry. It also had a more efficient operating system.
Integrated circuits are also a boon to a third generation computer. They have the capacity to hold multiple transistors in a single chip, which reduces the size of the machine. It also allows the manufacturer to slap a larger number of circuit components on a given surface. It also allows a better separation of power and data. This is not only cheaper to produce, but it also makes a computer more reliable and less expensive to operate.
A third generation computer is also a good indicator of the technological progress in the computing field. In terms of hardware and software, it has evolved from being a simple vacuum tube machine to one with advanced features and capabilities.
Small in size
Integrated Circuits have changed the way computers are built. They are very small, reliable and efficient. And they are not as expensive as they were in the past. They also allow for smaller and cheaper computers.
Integrated Circuits are a combination of resistors, capacitors and transistors. They allow for the efficient and reliable use of electricity. They allow for smaller computers, and they also increase the speed of computers. IC’s have also made computers portable.
IC’s have also been used to organize all the central processing unit (CPU) into a single chip. This has reduced the price of computers and made them reliable and efficient.
IC’s have also helped in the development of third generation computers. These computers are much faster than the first and second generation computers. They use less energy and produce less heat. And they also require less maintenance.
The first generation computers occupied a whole room, and they were unreliable. The input devices were slow, and they slowed down the output devices. They also had to be air conditioned in order to keep the temperature within a reasonable range.
Integrated circuits made the third generation computers much smaller. The third generation computers also used a magnetic core for memory, and they were more reliable. They also used a multiprogramming operating system.
Generate less heat
Compared to the previous generation, the third generation of computer generates less heat. This is attributed to the advancement of microprocessor technology. Third generation computers are now more reliable and have a faster speed. In addition, they are more portable. Moreover, they are less expensive to purchase and maintain.
During the 1940s to 1960s, the first generation computers were large in size and generated a lot of heat. This heat slowed down the operation of output devices, such as monitors and keyboards. In addition, the cost of commercial production was high.
Compared to the first generation, the second generation used transistors, which were less energy-consuming. These transistors were smaller than vacuum tubes and made the computer more reliable. Besides, they made the computer more accurate. The first computer to use transistors was the ENIAC, which was dedicated in 1946.
Third generation computers used an integrated circuit (IC). An IC is an electronic component that combines multiple transistors on a single silicon chip. These chips were used to increase the speed of computers. In addition, they were compact in shape, so they required less space for installation.
Third generation computers were smaller and less expensive to purchase. They also used less electricity, so they were more energy-efficient.